What is Inclusion?


"Successful inclusion is measured by one’s level to appropriately participate and access their education."

Marie Lewis, RN, PhD, BCEA

Inclusion is not just placement in a regular education class.


  • Has positive effect on achievement of individual goals

  • Provides a satisfactory quality of life and actualization

  • Creates a sense of meaning and purpose

  • Means actively participating from a strengths model in day to day activities

  • Includes all settings not just in regular education

  • Is being a part of what everyone else is a part of

  • Is being a valued and welcomed member of the community.

  • Effects our cultural values

  • Is having healthy relationships and friendships

  • Incorporates meeting one’s needs

  • Improves self-esteem and promotes growth socially and emotionally

  • Inspires and enriches our lives

  • Provides normalization for everyone

  • Includes participation in the life of the school and community

  • Provides an authentic feeling of belonging and being valued

  • Means Related service providers must consider delivering their services in the general education environment

  • Is relating and functioning together

  • Is about schools, worship places, work, community and recreation environments

  • Promotes seeing the abilities of others to contribute

  • Is in the social, academic, financial, and physical aspects of life

  • Takes team work for proper planning, preparation, adaptation, training, services and supports like: peer tutoring, cooperative learning, and differentiated instruction, graphic organizers, push-in related services and special education teachers, individual adult supports, study guides, and computer accommodations

  • Improves social cognition skills, on task behaviors and decreases negative behaviors for those children with disabilities.

  • Improves, and does not negatively effect or interfere with, the academic performance of other students.

  • Demonstrates the belief that separate and equal is not equal

  • Requires family and school partnerships and collaboration with vested involvement of all community members - or it doesn’t work..

  • Values diversity

  • Demonstrates the law of natural proportions and normalization and should reflect the community. (If 10-11% of the children in your community have disabilities, then the classroom should have no more than 11% of students with disabilities.)

Copyright 2015 Marie Lewis

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